Housing rights in Tashkent: local experiences and international perspectives








Discussion panel
by Dilmira Matyakubova and Farida Chariff


Panelists Matyakubova and Chariff discussed the advantages and disadvantages of employing DCM911 (Decree of Cabinet of ministers) in housing rights protection. They reviewed the United Nations documents on the human right to adequate housing where housing is conceptualized as ta right, as part of the right to life rather than a commodity.


Questions and answers session revealed issues of practical application of existing legislation and regulations:

︎Compensation does not include the valuation of the land under the apartment building while construction companies are highly interested in developing city center neighborhoods while the valuation of land does apply to real estate sales. The old version of DCM did consider the valuation of trees on the property, the new DCM ignores this aspect. Above all, investors and demolition/development initiators budget the compensation rates before the negotiations with homeowners. 

︎Homeowners are not notified directly about public hearings, the announcements can be made online and via mass media outlets. The issue of terms of conditions is present at each level, tight timelines are given for important decisions: 2 working days for homeowner’s decision when it is a state construction project; 7 days to decide for private investment; 2 days for local municipality decision; 2 days for cadastre; 1 day for people’s members of councils. If 75% of flat owners agree, 25% can be forcefully evicted breaching housing and administrative codes, Constitution, and international law on housing rights and against forced eviction.







Speakers



Dilmira Matyakubova
Tashkent

Human rights activist, policy analyst, co-director of the UzInvestigations civic initiative, The Foreign Policy Center research fellow. She has been researching and reporting on the urban issues in the context of nation-building︎︎︎ and socio-economic development︎︎︎



Farida Charif
Born 1959 , Tashkent

Housing rights activist; founder and moderator of online community Tashkent-Snos.







Tashkent Snos︎︎︎ is an informal online community for discussion and exchange of information around housing rights legal support; against corruption and illegal real estate ventures.